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Morocco Agadir sex Hungary report a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary national legislative system under which ultimate authority rests with King Mohammed VI, who presides over the Council of Ministers. According to the constitution, the king appoints the head of government from the political party with the most seats in parliament and approves members of the government nominated by the head of government.
International and domestic observers judged the parliamentary elections credible and relatively free from irregularities. The security apparatus includes several police and paramilitary organizations with overlapping authority. The National Police Force manages internal law enforcement in cities and reports to the Ministry of Interior. The Auxiliary Forces also report to the Ministry of Interior and support gendarmes and police.
The Royal Gendarmerie, which reports to the Administration of National Defense, is responsible for law enforcement in rural regions and on national highways. The judicial police investigative branches of both the Royal Gendarmerie and the National Police report to the royal prosecutor and have the power to arrest individuals.
Civilian authorities maintained effective control over security forces. There were few examples of investigations or prosecutions of human rights abuses by officials, whether in the security services or elsewhere in the government, which contributed to the widespread perception of impunity. There were no reports that the Agadir sex Hungary report or its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings.
There were no reports of disappearances by or on behalf of government authorities during the year. According to the annual report from the UN Working Group on Enforced Disappearances, from May to Maythe country had outstanding cases, seven fewer than at the beginning of the reporting period. The National Council on Human Rights CNDHa publicly funded national human rights institution, reported that as of July, six cases of forced disappearances between and remain unresolved in Morocco. The CNDH implemented arbitration decisions issued from January to July for beneficiaries who will benefit from financial compensation or social reintegration services for gross human rights violations, as determined by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in place from December to November The individuals include victims or their living beneficiaries who will receive financial compensation totaling The constitution and the law prohibit such practices, and the government denied it authorizes the use of torture.
On June 10, Minister of State for Human Rights and Relations with Parliament Mustafa Ramid said that systematic torture no longer exists in the country and that reported cases of torture were isolated. The report noted that in36 complaints of torture were filed, of which 22 were fully processed and resulted in two judicial cases in which police agents were prosecuted for violence.
The sentences, however, were not reported. CNDH reported it opened investigations into 12 complaints of allegations of torture perpetrated by government authorities from January to July. The DGSN reported during the year that a court passed sentences regarding allegations of torture against three police officers in three cases. According to the government, the court sentenced one officer to six months in prison and sentenced the same officer and the other officers to a six-month suspended sentence; the charges were the use of torture.
After sentencing, one DGSN official was dismissed on early retirement and the two remaining officers were suspended from work for six months. In the event of an accusation of torture, the law requires judges to refer a detainee to a forensic medical expert when the detainee or lawyer requests it or if judges notice suspicious physical marks on a detainee. In some cases judges have refused to order a medical assessment when a detainee made an allegation of abuse.
In the CNDH referred forensic reports to the Ministry of Justice based on allegations of torture or mistreatment from Hirak movement prisoners. The prisoners were arrested for their involvement in a series of protests in the northern Rif region in and They were found guilty of damaging public property, injuring law enforcement members, and threatening the stability of the state and were sentenced to up to 20 years before a criminal court in June In a court Agadir sex Hungary report the investigation into allegations of abuse during pretrial detention, and in a judicial forensic medical examiner concluded that three of the 22 individuals had been exposed to physical violence.
The courts, however, did not take further action on the cases involving the three individuals. In July the Inter-Ministerial Delegate for Human Rights DIDH released a report stating the courts dismissed the allegations of torture during pretrial detention by prisoners, due to a lack of evidence. According to Amnesty International, the alleged mistreatment during pretrial detention in included beatings and suffocation. The same report raised several cases where Hirak movement prisoners said they ed confessions under duress due to intimidation and the threat of rape and violence by police officers.
The DIDH report did not specify if the courts investigated the allegations of threats and intimidation. The CNDH did not observe torture or mistreatment during monitoring visits of the Hirak movement prisoners during the year. The government reported the former peacekeeper accused of crimes in the January case was in pretrial detention while the government had an active investigation on the allegations made in the second case. Morocco and the United Nations tly investigated two allegations submitted in against Moroccan peacekeepers and determined one case was substantiated as an exploitative relationship that transpired in The UN repatriated the assailant, and the government of Morocco issued a day prison sentence.
Prison conditions improved during the year but in some cases did not meet international standards. Physical Conditions : The Moroccan Observatory of Prisons OMPan NGO focused on the rights of prisoners, continued to report that some prisons were overcrowded and failed to meet local and international standards. In the new prisons, pretrial detainees and convicted prisoners were held separately. As the DGAPR completed construction of each new prison, it closed older prisons and moved inmates to the new locations. Older prisons remained overcrowded, however, resulting in authorities frequently holding pretrial detainees and convicted prisoners together.
According to government sources and NGOs, prison overcrowding was due in large part to an underutilized system of bail or provisional release, a severe backlog in cases, and lack of judicial discretion to reduce the length of prison sentences for specific crimes. Government sources stated that administrative requirements also prevented prison authorities from transferring individuals in pretrial detention or the appeals phase to facilities outside the jurisdiction where their trials were to take place.
The law provides for the separation of minors. In all prisons, officials classify youth offenders into twoboth of which are separated from other prisoners: Minors under 18 and youthful offenders 18 to 20 years old. According to authorities, minors are not held with prisoners older than 20 years. The government reported that, in cases where a juvenile court judge ruled that detention was necessary, minors younger than 14 were detained separately from minors 15 to 18 years old.
In cases where a minor is ordered to be detained, a judge must follow up on a monthly basis. The DGAPR reported there was no discrimination in access to health services or facilities based on gender for female prisoners, who make up just over 2 percent of the prison population. Local NGOs asserted that prison facilities did not provide adequate access to health Agadir sex Hungary report and did not accommodate the needs of prisoners with disabilities, although government sources stated that a nurse and a psychologist examined each prisoner on arrival and that prisoners received care upon request.
According to the DGAPR, prisoners received six general and one dental consultation with a medical professional per year in addition to access to psychological or other specialist care and all care was provided free of charge.
The DGAPR provided food to inmates at no cost, certified by the Ministry of Health as meeting the nutritional needs of the average adult male. Prison commissaries stocked fresh fruit and vegetables for purchase. According to the DGAPR, the penitentiary system accommodated the special dietary needs of prisoners suffering from illnesses and of prisoners with religious dietary restrictions. NGOs frequently cited cases where prisoners protested the conditions of their detention with hunger strikes. According to Amnesty International, prisoners launched hunger strikes to protest prison conditions, including poor hygiene and sanitation, inadequate health care, overcrowding, and detention far from their families, as well as limited visiting rights and access to education.
At other times, the DGAPR informed the detainee that the requested transfer was not possible, often because of overcrowding at the requested location. Administration : While authorities generally permitted relatives and friends to visit prisoners, there were reports that authorities denied visiting privileges in some instances.
The DGAPR ased each prisoner to a risk classification level, which determined visiting Agadir sex Hungary report. At all classifications, prisoners may receive visits, although the length, frequency, and of visitors may vary. The DGAPR authorizes religious observances and services provided by religious leaders for all prisoners, including religious minorities. They also alleged that the prison administration refused to receive complaints from prisoners.
The DGAPR reported that it conducted investigations into complaints of mistreatment by prison personnel nationally.
Independent Monitoring : The government permitted some NGOs with a human rights mandate to conduct unaccompanied monitoring visits. Government policy permitted academics, as well as NGOs that provided social, educational, or religious services to prisoners, to enter prison facilities. According to prison officials, academics and various NGOs conducted visits through June. The OMP conducted four monitoring visits through June. The CNDH conducted an estimated monitoring visits this year. Improvements : To alleviate overcrowding and improve overall conditions, the DGAPR reported there were 29 new prisons built or under construction to international standards.
The Mohammed VI Foundation for the Reinsertion of Prisoners provided educational and professional training in 59 prisons to inmates approaching their release date. The DGAPR, in partnership with the CNDH, the Mohammed VI Foundation, and other institutions, continued to fund and manage a radio station launched in broadcasting out of a prison in Ain Sbaa to prisoners and prison staff throughout the country as an opportunity to discuss culture, education, art, religion, rule of law, and other issues related to prison operations and rehabilitation.
The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention and provides for the right of any person to challenge in court the lawfulness of his or her arrest or detention. Observers indicated that police did not always respect these provisions or consistently Agadir sex Hungary report due process, particularly during or in the wake of protests. According to local NGOs and associations, police sometimes arrested persons without warrants or while wearing civilian clothing. Individuals have the right to challenge the legal basis or arbitrary nature of their detention and request compensation by submitting a complaint to the court.
By law police may arrest an individual after a general prosecutor issues an oral or written warrant. Authorities did not consistently respect these provisions. Reports of abuse generally referred to these initial detention periods, when police interrogated detainees.Agadir sex Hungary report
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Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Morocco