Sex needed in vancouver

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Refworks. Open Collections. This report was prepared by C. Zangger, V. Bungay, W. Pearson, J. Oliffe, C. Atchison, R. Bowen and project advisors. To obtain additional copies please contact Vicky Bungay at vicky. We are also thankful to project participants, project advisors, and co-investigators for their contribution to this project including insights at the meeting and in finalizing this report.

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We are grateful for the project advisors who helped with the logging and guiding of the table discussions. Thank you to Susan Davis from Calabria Meat Market, who kept our bellies full and content while we were working hard. Susan was also generous enough to share with us her historical knowledge on current and past political efforts undertaken by sex workers and third parties in Vancouver. A special and heartfelt thank you goes to Raven Bowen—former project manager—who passionately led the research team.

We are appreciative to have had two fantastic artists perform at the meeting. We apply our definitions in this report as those drawn from the literature, research participants and as congruent with our study scope, questions, and de. ClientExperientialNon-experientialOff-street sex industryOn-street sex industrySex workerThird partyTransTransgender personTranssexual personrefers to individuals who provide financial payment as opposed to other goods and services for sexual services from adult women, men, and trans sex workers.

These services commonly operate out of escort agencies, micro-brothels, parlours, or private residences. Also referred to as the indoor sex industry. This includes the recruiting or soliciting of clients. Also referred to as the outdoor sex industry. Also referred to as service provider. This includes for example, administrative assistants, drivers, managers, and bodyguards.

Identifying as transgender or transsexual Sex needed in vancouver only be decided by the individual and for some it is not dependent on whether or not they have completed or are in the process of undergoing surgery or hormone treatment, while for others it is. These separate identities represent important distinctions of gender identity that are influenced by context, history, medical discourses, culture, age, and conventional understandings of gender.

The study was built on a series of inter-related CIHR-funded research initiatives that explored issues of health, safety, and security identified and experienced by Canadian men, women, and trans people involved in sexual service for money exchanges.

Recognizing that sex work, and its coordination and facilitation, is a legitimate form of labour, we used ecological approaches to situate the findings and to generate the recommendations detailed in this report.

This approach was fitting because we recognize that if people are to have opportunities to engage in the sex industry in safe and health promoting ways, change beyond the levels of either individual behaviour and decision making or structural conditioning are required. As such, to elicit change in the sex industry, we must identify and change harmful social norms, build community infrastructures, enhance skills and resources that people need to be healthy and safe, and make changes to the physical, economic, legal, political, and cultural environments in which off-street sex work occurs.

The project also supports participants in achieving self-governance through peer-learning, crafting interventions to better the areas they identify as needing improvement, as well as develop and enhance community resilience against the oppressions that they face.

Since its inception, the SPACES project has published two community reports that can be found in Appendices B and C detailing early preliminary findings from this project3 and academic publications. Following this publication, based on conversational interviews conducted in with sex workers, clients, and third parties, project staff developed tips and strategies relating to health and safety in the Vancouver off-street sex industry.

These were shared in a report titled Discussion Document Appendix C. In total, we organized six small-group table discussions. Based on their expertise, meeting participants were ased a specific topic, a list of tips and strategies, as well as a list of discussion questions for review pre-meeting.

Following the discussion session, we asked each table facilitator to report back to the wider group a summary of key points discussed at their respective tables. This allowed us to have a feedback session and open up the discussion to the rest of the group.

Attendees included project participants, members of the sex industry, local by and for sex worker organizations, Sex needed in vancouver community organizations, health practitioners, academics, legal experts, policy-makers, City of Vancouver staff, as well as other stakeholders. This report is based on the feedback, recommendations and discussions generated at the meeting, and symbolizes the final community report for the SPACES project.

Moreover, we recognize the importance of communities within the sex industry and their substantial capacity to mobilize to address systemic problems and oppressions facing their communities. Therefore, the recommendations put forth in this document are based in the lived experiences of project participants, as well as those who attended the stakeholder meeting. This report is organized around themes and areas of interests that were verbalized by the SPACES advisory team and participants.

Even though the themes overlap—this is especially true for how stigma permeates in most issues related to the sex industry—for the purpose of this document we treat each as separate units.

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As such, the proposed recommendations should be deemed as a tool supporting current and past efforts undertaken in Vancouver rather than a critic or erasure of past actions. Our definition of this concept included both physical and emotional safety. Participants strongly felt that sex work could be conducted safely and in a respectful manner. But they noted that safety was dependent on the social and legal contexts in which sex work is practiced.

Considering the recent change in Canadian sex work laws, participants considered issues around safety to be of great importance and concern. People engaging in the sex industry all agreed that the prevention of harm should be prioritized, and when violence occurs, access to the judicial system and community supports were paramount.

According to Foucault, discourse is a system of representa-tion which is different from language itself. In other words, discourse is a set of statements that provide the language to talk about a specific topic. Consequently, discourses Sex needed in vancouver the way a topic is meaningfully discussed and reasoned about. It also influences perceived solutions.

These types of discourses are known to be harmful towards sex workers well-being. This means that sex workers are deemed as sexually immoral, and lacking in decency. More specifically, stigmatizing discourses8 were identified as barriers to accessing non-judgemental services, accessing judicial protection, and in being able to work safely. In particular, the conflation between sex work and trafficking was critiqued, as well as the assumption that all forms of sex work are inherently violent or harmful.

Participants made it clear that the sex industry includes people from all facets of life, and that their experiences reflect this diversity. Therefore, to treat them as a homogeneous group overlooks the variations amongst members, committing a disservice to their right to work safely. Participants at the meeting also pointed to the lack of public outrage or reaction to crimes committed against sex workers. Fueled by the discourse of disposal, [2] a lack of support contributes to the injustices faced by sex workers by making them more vulnerable to serial killers such as Robert Pickton.

Considering that people engaged in the sex industry remain wary of police help, public disdain could encourage or propel assistance and support to the sex industry in remaining safe. Furthermore, participants identified a major gap in the type of services available for sex workers in Vancouver. Currently there is little in relation to what options sex workers have if and when assaulted while at work. This lack of protocols may be symbolic of Sex needed in vancouver common-law countries have historically assumed that due to their work sex workers were unrapeable.

As a consequence, we developed the following nine recommendations to promote and support sex workers', clients', and third parties' safety under a criminalized framework. However, one of the potential problems with confidential reporting systems is that competing indoor sex work environments may use it to make false allegations to disrupt services at other sex work establishments. Therefore, implementation of preventative measures against false allegations should be considered. Therefore, programs that aim to prevent violence must tackle it at different levels and at the same time.

Levels suggested are individual, familial, communal, and societal.

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Trust-building campaigns can also aid in bridging the gap between these groups. Good examples are of a series of Vancouver-based events organized by sex workers and allies called Community Conversations with Sex Workers and Hooker Monologues.

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Off-street sex workers, clients, and third parties requested the creation of confidential reporting systems for suspected cases of exploitation or underage prostitution. Stakeholders advocated for a more comprehensive definition of violence for community agencies. Off-street sex workers advocated for community agencies and others to implement staff training on how to listen and engage with sex workers and clients in a non- discriminatory and non-judgmental way. Off-street sex workers, clients, and managers insisted on their inclusion in all discussions and decision-making regarding safety supports and services.

Stakeholders called for greater support with the prevention of violence against people in the sex industry by people outside of the sex industry. Stigma was a key issue for people engaging in the sex industry. Repeatedly, meeting participants emphasized the relationship between stigma and poor mental health and how it permeates all aspects of their lives. Greater isolation, secrecy, shame, fear of reaching out, difficulty in accessing services were all said to be exacerbated by negative societal reactions, and the Sex needed in vancouver of much of the mental angst surrounding the work.

Stigma against people involved in the sex industry negatively impacts all aspects of their lives, [15] including access to health services, [17,18] their mental and physical health, [19] and opportunities to exit the trade. Meeting participants made it clear that stigma—along with the mental strain that commonly comes with it—were exacerbated by the current Canadian socio-legal context. Based on the erroneous assumptions that people in the sex industry are deviant, in need of controlling and managing, undeserving of civil and human rights, and pose a risk to family values, other community members and to themselves, people engaging in the sex industry are commonly classified as second-class citizens.

When seeking help for mental health issues, they also identified a knowledge gap among health care providers about the complexities of the sex industry and the diversity of experiences and needs of people involved in it. Taken together, this was said to contribute towards a sense of hopelessness and disempowerment. Rather than relying on stigmatizing terms such as prostituted women, prostitution, pimps, and Johns, terms such as sex work, sex worker, service provider, client, managers, and third parties were recommended.

Off-street sex workers called for greater support to practice their Sex needed in vancouver with dignity by society as a whole, including by people within and outside of the sex industry, the public, and mental health service providers. Stakeholders called for greater education campaigns for practitioners and mental health services on the diversity present in the sex industry. Despite common misperceptions surrounding the sex industry, people engaging in the sex industry actively and regularly implement safer-sex practices.

More specifically, participants at the meeting noted how stigma, discrimination, and criminalization had a direct impact on their access to services and resources, negotiating condom-use, and availability of safer-sex materials in sex establishments. They also identified a lack of non-judgmental service delivery and a lack of low-barrier resources outside of the Vancouver Downtown Eastside. The legal context was also described as inhibiting entry of safer-sex materials and outreach services in sex establishments, and in accessing health services by sex workers. Due to the current Canadian sex work laws, managers, clients, and sex workers are reluctant to carry or distribute safer-sex materials, including condoms, out of fear of arrest.

Within a criminalized environment, condom-use is discouraged contributing to the barriers experienced by people in the sex industry when wanting to implement positive sexual health practices. People engaging in the sex industry actively and regularly implement safer-sex practices.

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